Best UPSC/PPSC NET Coaching Institute

Best Coaching for UPSC in LAW Syllabus and Exam Prepration in chandigarh

Apex Legal Institute in Chandigarh is a one-stop destination for the UPSC/PPSC(LAW) candidates to get success in this  examinations. Apex Legal Institute provides its students with the best guidance under the most liable faculty in Chandigarh.

Here in Apex Legal Institute, aspirants get the best coaching for law as an optional subject in UPSC/PPSC(LAW) exam. Our faculty gives personal guidance to each student so that he/she can excel in the exam. We provide study materials prepared by our best faculty and mock test series papers. these things will help candidates to grow confidence in themselves.

what is a UPSC exam?

UPSC Examination is normally known as IAS Exam. The UPSC Civil Services Examination(CSE) are examinations which are conducted by the Union Public Service Commission(UPSC).

These Examinations are conducted to enlist worthy candidates into civil services of India like IAS, IPS, IFS, and other services.

This examination is conducted in three parts:-

UPSC Prelims:-

UPSC Preliminary Examination is a filtering test for the candidates and that's why it is qualifying in nature. The preliminary examination is consist of two objective type questions papers. The Marks obtained by the candidate in the Prelims exam is not included in the final merit list, but the score in GS Paper-I is essential to determine the cutoff.

UPSC Main:-

The UPSC Mains examination is the II stage of the Civil Services Examination designed to test a candidates expertise in academic subjects. The academic talent of the aspirant, also his/her ability to present his/ her knowledge is tested in this examination.

IAS aspirants who scored above the cutoff in General Studies Paper I, And above 33% marks in General Studies Paper-II (CSAT) are allowed to appear in the Mains exam.

Candidates who want to become IAS, IPS, IFS and IRS officers have to attempt the UPSC Mains exam before the IAS interview/UPSC Personality Test stage.

Mains examination is designed to test the in a clear and coherent manner so that’s why the mains examination consists of subjective type exam paper in the written format. There will be a total of nine papers will be taken by the UPSC in the mains

The following papers are:-

  • Paper I - Modern Indian language - 300 Marks
  • Paper-II - English - 300 marks
  • Paper III - Essay - 250 Marks
  • Paper IV - General Studies I - 250 Marks
  • Paper V - General Studies II - 250 Marks
  • Paper VI - General Studies III - 250 Marks
  • Paper VII - General Studies IV - 250 Marks
  • Paper VIII - Optional Subject - Paper I - 250 Marks
  • Paper XI - Optional Subject - Paper II -250 Marks

Interview/Personality Test - 275 Marks

The candidate can choose the language as UPSC will make arrangements for the translators in which he/she like to be interviewed.

Aspirants who cleared the UPSC Mains Exam will move to the final and last phase of the IAS Examination.

In this phase, the candidates are interviewed by a capable and impartial board who will conduct the personality test of the candidate.

The Interview round is held to evaluate the up-and-comer's social attributes and candidates advantage in current undertakings. The thought process of the board is to dissect the individual fitness of the possibility for a vocation openly administration.

UPSC Law Syllabus and Exam Preparation in Chandigarh

Constitutional and Administrative Law

  • Constitution and Constitutionalism: The distinctive features of the Constitution.
  • Fundamental rights - Public interest litigation; Legal Aid; Legal services authority.
  • Relationship between fundamental rights, directive principles and fundamental duties.
  • The constitutional position of the President and relation with the Council of Ministers.
  • Governor and his powers.
  • Supreme Court and High Courts: (a) Appointments and transfer. (b) Powers functions and jurisdiction.
  • Centre, States and local bodies: (a) Distribution of legislative powers between the Union and the States. (b) Local bodies. (c) Administrative relationship among Union, State and local bodies. (d) Eminent domain - State property - common property - community property.Legislative powers, privileges and immunities.
  • Services under the Union and the States: (a) Recruitment and conditions of services; Constitutional safeguards; Administrative tribunals. (b) Union Public Service Commission and State Public Service Commissions - Power and functions (c) Election Commission - Power and functions. Emergency provisions.
  • Amendment of the Constitution. Principles of natural justice - Emerging trends and judicial approach. Delegated legislation and its constitutionality. Separation of powers and constitutional governance.
  • Judicial review of administrative action. Ombudsman: Lokayukta, Lokpal etc.

International Law

  • Nature and definition of international law.
  • Relationship between international law and municipal law.
  • State recognition and state succession.
  • Law of the sea: Inland waters, territorial sea, contiguous zone, continental shelf, exclusive economic zone, high seas.
  • Individuals: Nationality, statelessness; Human rights and procedures available for their enforcement.
  • The territorial jurisdiction of States, extradition and asylum.
  • Treaties: Formation, application, termination and reservation.
  • United Nations: Its principal organs, powers, functions and reform.
  • Peaceful settlement of disputes - different modes.
  • Lawful recourse to force: aggression, self-defence, intervention.
  • Fundamental principles of international humanitarian law - International conventions and contemporary developments.
  • The legality of the use of nuclear weapons; ban on the testing of nuclear weapons; Nuclear - non-proliferation treaty, CTBT.
  • International terrorism, state-sponsored terrorism, hijacking, international criminal court.
  • New international economic order and monetary law: WTO, TRIPS, GATT, IMF, World Bank.
  • Protection and improvement of the human environment: International efforts.

Paper-II Law of Crimes

  • The examination scheme for recruitment to the cadre of Civil Judge shall consist of:
  • Kinds of punishment and emerging trends as to abolition of capital punishment.
  • Preparation and criminal attempt.
  • General exceptions.
  • Joint and constructive liability.
  • Abetment.
  • Criminal conspiracy.
  • Offences against the State.
  • Offences against public tranquillity.
  • Offences against the human body.
  • Offences against the property.
  • Offences against women.
  • Defamation.
  • Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988.
  • Protection of Civil Rights Act 1955 and subsequent legislative developments.
  • Protection of Civil Rights Act 1955 and subsequent legislative developments.
  • Plea bargaining.

Law of Torts

  • Nature and definition.
  • Liability based upon fault and strict liability; Absolute liability.
  • Vicarious liability including State liability.
  • General defences.
  • Joint tort feasors.
  • Remedies.
  • Negligence.
  • Defamation.
  • Nuisance.
  • Conspiracy.
  • False imprisonment.
  • Malicious prosecution.
  • Consumer Protection Act, 1986.

Law of Contracts and Mercantile Law

  • Nature and formation of contract/E-contract.
  • Factors vitiating free consent.
  • Void, voidable, illegal and unenforceable agreements.
  • Performance and discharge of contracts.
  • Quasi- Contracts.
  • Consequences of breach of contract.
  • Contract of indemnity, guarantee and insurance.
  • Contract of the agency.
  • Sale of goods and hire purchase.
  • Formation and dissolution of a partnership.
  • Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881.
  • Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996.
  • Standard form contracts.

Contemporary Legal Developments

  • Public Interest Litigation.
  • Intellectual property rights - Concept, types/prospects.
  • Information Technology Law including Cyber Laws - Concept, purpose/prospects.
  • Competition Law- Concept, purpose/ prospects.
  • Alternate Dispute Resolution - Concept, types/prospects.
  • Major statutes concerning environmental law.
  • Right to Information Act.
  • Trial by media.

Why should you choose Apex Legal Institute in Chandigarh?

Apex Legal Institute provides the best UPSC/PPSC(LAW) coaching in Chandigarh. Our Legal Coaching institute is known for its quality education, among other institutes, We have the ability to prepare candidates for UPSC/PPSC(Law) examinations in a perfect way. It is essential for the students to put their 100% effort into the study so that they are able to clear the examination, but simultaneously our faculty gives their best to prepare the candidates for the civil judge exam.

Apex Legal Institute

The candidates who want to qualify for the UPSC/PPSC(LAW) exam can approach the join Apex Legal Institute to make their dreams come true.

Apex Legal Institute's key features:-


Director Mrs.R.Verma (Advocate) of Apex Legal Institute Chandigarh has around 15 years experience of LAW field and has successfully offered several courses for law entrance and competitive exam aspirants. Our students get the best ranks in the exams.

Excellent Teaching Staff

Our highly qualified staff put a lot of emphasis on finding new teaching methodologies to help each study effectively for their exams. They will make your basic knowledge strong and give you essential tips to crack your exam.

Attentive and Supportive Classes

We focus on each student attentively and also provide doubt and question-answer sessions for them. Anyone can take group or individual extra classes to clear their previous topics.

Relevant Study Material

We always provide study matter written by our own notes, recommend books , mcq test  which is highly recommended by Advocates ,Professors & principals also .

Why we are the best UPSC/PPSC(LAW) coaching institute in Chandigarh?

You will get the best study material: we provide the best study material to our candidates so that they can prepare themselves in the best possible way for the UPSC/PPSC(LAW) exam. We provide the best available books, own notes, practise material, mock tests etc.

Conduct regular tests: we conduct tests after every topic is covered so that we can check the performance of the candidates. The main reason why we take the regular tests is that through these tests, we can analyse the student’s strengths and weak points, and then we work on their weak points and build them all-rounder in all subjects. By taking these tests, candidates also can analyse themselves and give them an opportunity to overcome their weak and loose areas.

Communication Skills: We organise debates, moot courts, quiz competitions for our students, which helps them enhance their skills in the practical world. These things are important whether you want to be a judge, litigation, journalism in the legal field, cooperate world, legal firms.


10+ Successful Years In Law Coaching

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